China’s infamous one child policy is no more.
For the first time in 35 years, they Chinese officials are going to allow married couples to have a second child.
In 2013, China made exemptions for families where the parents had no siblings to have a second child. They believed that the exemption would add up to 2 million extra births per year, but only 700,000 newly qualified couples applied to have a second child in 2014.
The change comes due to China officials believing the low birth rate would cause the country to age quickly and hurt its economic viability.
Today, there are 33 million more men than women in China due to the one child policy as well as forced abortions and sterilization of women. Some parents preferred to have male children and aborted a fetus if it was a girl.
During the one child policy, Reuters photographer Carlos Barria photographed a person born each year of the one child policy.